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 Adverbs

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PostSubject: Adverbs   Wed 17 Nov - 22:28


  • Adverbs tell how (“eagerly”), when (“lately,” “often”), where (“there,” “outside”), how much (“very,” “too”), and why (“therefore”).



  • Adverbs usually modify verbs, other adverbs, or adjectives.

Bob drives carefully . (“Carefully” modifies theverb “drives.”)
Bob drives very carefully. (“Very” modifies theadverb “carefully.”)
Bob is quite tall. (“Quite” modifies the adjective“tall.”)


  • Adverbs are often “adjective + -ly”:

patient--patiently
careless--carelessly
expensive--expensively
probable--probably
certain--certainly
happy--happily
honest--honestly
personal--personally
real--really
direct--directly
fair-fairly
serious--seriously


  • But not all adverbs end in –ly:

again, ago, all, almost, also, always, any, anyhow, anymore,anyplace, anytime, anyway, anywhere, better, best, enough, far, farther, fast, further,furthest, here, how, inside, just, later, maybe, more, most, much, never, next,now, often, once, outside, quite, rather, slow (also slowly), so, some,somehow, sometime, sometimes, somewhat, still, straight, there, therefore, too,very, well, what, whatever, when, whence, whenever, where, whereby, wherein,wherever, yet.


  • Not all words that end in -ly are automatically adverbs;

“friendly,” “likely,” “lonely,” and “lovely” areadjectives.
“Early” can be an adjective OR an adverb.


  • “Fast,” “slow,” “quick,” “early,” and “straight” are examples of other words that can be adjectives AND adverbs, BUT have the same meaning:


Sara walks fast. (adverb) = Sara is a fastwalker. (adjective).
The early bus (adjective) = the bus that arrives early(adverb).


  • Most adverbs, like adjectives, can be compared using “more” and “most”: sharply--more sharply--most sharply. One- syllable adverbs are compared using “-er” and “-est”: straight--straighter--straightest.


Some adverbs are irregular:
well--better--best,
badly (ill)--worse--worst,
much--more--most,
little--less--least,
far--farther (further)--farthest (furthest).
TOPIC : Adverbs  SOURCE : Linguistic Studies ** http://languages.forumactif.org/
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PostSubject: Re: Adverbs   Thu 18 Nov - 0:15

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Adverbs

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