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 قاموس مصطلحات الحديث

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PostSubject: قاموس مصطلحات الحديث   Tue 25 Oct - 8:28


‏أَحوَالُ الرُّوَاةِ القَولِيَّةُ‏

Status of narrators as derived from their sayings
‏أَصحَابُ الأُصُولِ‏

‏هُم عُلَمَاءُ أُصُولِ الفِقهِ.‏
The Scholars of the Principles of Jurisprudence : Specialists in the study of the Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence.
‏أَصحَابُ الفِقهِ‏

‏هُم عُلَمَاءُ الفِقهِ الَّذِينَ يَستَنبِطُونَ الأَحكَامَ الشَّرعِيَّةَ مِن أَدِلَّتِهَا الكُلِّيَّةِ.‏
The Scholars of Jurisprudence : The Jurists who infer legal rules and judgments from general premises.
‏أَصلٌ مَعمُولٌ بِهِ‏

‏حَدِيثٌ يُطَبِّقُ مَا جَاءَ بِهِ مِن أَحكَامٍ.‏
An Acted-Upon Principle : This is a hadith whose implications, rulings and judgments are to be carried out.
‏أَمِيرُ المُؤمِنِينَ‏

‏هُوَ مَن أَحَاطَ عِلمًا بِأَغلَبِ الأَحَادِيثِ حَتَّى لَا يَفُوتُهُ مِنهَا إِلَّا اليَسِيرَ.‏
Emir of the Believers : In the cont ext of Hadith Terminology the term
is used as a title to any person who has extensive knowledge of most
hadiths; only a few hadiths have escaped his knowledge.
‏أَنبَأَنَا‏
‏الحِفظُ‏

‏هُوَ إِيدَاعُ مَا يُسمَعُ فِي القَلبِ لِاستِرجَاعِهِ فِي أَيِّ وَقتٍ كَانَ.‏
Memorizing : This refers to committing anything one has heard or written to one's memory, to recall it whenever it is needed.
‏الخَبَرُ‏

‏هُوَ كُلُّ مَا يُنقَلُ عَن النَّبِيِّ أَو غَيرِهِ مِن الصَّحَابَةِ أَو التَّابِعِينَ فَمَن بَعدَهُم.‏
Tradition : This term applies to all that is transmitted from the
Prophet (peace be upon him), the Companions or the Followers and those
after them.
‏الخُصُوصُ‏

Specialty
‏الرَّدُّ‏

‏هُوَ عَدَمُ قَبُولِ الرِّوَايَةِ وَلَا العَمَلِ بِهَا.‏
Rejection : This refers to not accepting the narration and rendering it non-acted upon.
‏السَّقطُ الظَّاهِرُ‏

Obvious Omission : This term refers to the case of having a stage of the chain of transmission missing.
‏السَّمَاعُ‏

‏هُوَ سَمَاعُ الرَّاوِي مِن لَفظِ الشَّيخِ وَالشَّيخِ مِن لَفظِ شَيخِهِ وَهَكَذَا.‏
Hearing : Hearing or hearsay refers to what was heard by a narrator from
his elder scholar, and his elder scholar from his elder one in turn.
‏السُّنَّةُ‏

‏هُوَ مَا أُضِيفَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّمَ مِن
قَولٍ أَو فِعلٍ أَو تَقرِيرٍ أَو وَصفٍ خِلقِيٍّ أَو خُلُقِيٍّ حَقِيقَةً
أَو حُكمًا حَتَّى الحَرَكَاتِ والسَّكَنَاتِ فِي اليَقَظَةِ وَالمَنَامِ.‏
Sunnah, Prophetic Tradition : It refers to all that is narrated from the
Prophet, his acts, his sayings, and whatever he tacitly approved, in
addition to all the reports which describe his physical attributes and
character
‏الشَّاهِدُ‏

‏هُوَ الحَدِيثُ المُشَارِكُ لِغَيرِهِ فِي اللَّفظِ أَو المَعنَى مَعَ عَدَمِ الِاتِّحَادِ فِي الصَّحَابِيِّ.‏
t ext-Related Appendage : A hadith whose wording or meaning is identical
to another, but the narrator Companion is different in both.
‏الشُّذُوذُ‏

‏هُوَ مُخَالَفَةُ الثِّقَةِ لِمَن هُوَ أَوثَقُ مِنهُ بِأَن يَكُونَ فِي
رِوَايَةِ الثِّقَةِ زِيَادَةٌ أَو نَقصٌ لَيسَ فِي رِوَايَةِ الأَوثَقِ
بِحَيثُ لَا يُمكِنُ الجَمعُ أَو التَّوفِيقُ بَينَ مَا اِختَلَفَا فِيهِ.‏
Eccentricity : This term applies to a hadith narrated by a trustworthy
transmitter that contradicts, either in the t ext or the chain, the
narration of one who is more trustworthy than he is and no compromise
can be made.
‏الشَّيخُ‏

‏هُوَ مَن يَأخُذُ عَنهُ الرَّاوِي أَو التِّلمِيذُ وَيُحَدِّثُ عَنهُ.‏
The Elder Narrator [Shaikh] : This is the one from whom a narrator or disciple transmits the tradition.
‏الشَّيخَانِ‏

‏لَقَبٌ لِلإِمَامَينِ البُخَارِيِّ وَمُسلِمٍ.‏
The Two Scholars : This denotes the two Imams Al-Bukhari and Muslim
‏الصَّحَابَةُ‏

‏الصَّحَابِيُّ هُوَ مَن لَقِيَ النَّبِيَّ مُسلِمًا، طَالَت مُجَالَسَتُهُ لَهُ أَو قَصُرَت، وَمَاتَ عَلَى الإِسلَامِ.‏
The Companions : This term applies to any Muslim who met the Prophet
(peace be upon him), whether the meeting was long or short, and who
ultimately died while still professing Islam.
‏الصَّحَابَةُ المُكثِرُونَ لِرِوَايَةِ الحَدِيثِ‏

‏هُم سَبعَةٌ مِنَ الصَّحَابَةِ اِشتَهَرُوا بِرِوَايَةِ حَدِيثِ رَسُولِ
اللَّهِ وَاصطَلَحَ العُلَمَاءُ عَلَى تَسمِيَةِ مَن رَوَى أَكثَرَ مِن
أَلفِ حَدِيثٍ مُكثِرًا. وَهَؤُلَاءِ السَّبعَةُ هُم: أَبُو هُرَيرَةَ -
عَبدُ اللَّهِ بنُ عُمَرَ - أَنَسُ بنُ مَالِكٍ - السَّيِّدَةُ عَائِشَةُ -
عَبدُ اللَّهِ بنُ عَبَّاسٍ - جَابِرُ بنُ عَبدِ اللَّهِ - أَبُو سَعِيدٍ
الخُدرِيُّ.‏
The Oft-Narrating Companions : Scholars of Hadith agreed to give the
title 'Oft-Narrating Companions' to anyone who narrated more than one
thousand hadiths from the Prophet. It is largely applied to seven
Companions who are: Abu Hurairah, `Abdullah bin `Umar, Anas bin Malik,
`A'ishah (Mother of the Believers), `Abdullah bin `Abbas, Jabir bin
`Abdullah and Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri.

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قاموس مصطلحات الحديث

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